Painted Francolin

The painted francolin or painted partridge Francolinus pictus is a species of francolin found in grassy areas in central and southern India and in the lowlands of southeastern Sri Lanka. They are easily detected by their loud calls especially during the breeding season (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia).

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Jungle Owlet

The Jungle Owlet (Glaucidium radiatum) is found in the Indian Subcontinent. The species is often found singly, in pairs or small groups and are usually detected by their calls at dawn and dusk (Wikipedia).

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White-naped Woodpecker

The White-naped Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes festivus) is a woodpecker which is a widespread but scarce resident breeder in Sri Lanka (Wikipedia).

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Greater Flameback / Crimson-backed Woodpecker

Greater Flameback / Crimson-backed Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes lucidus) an uncommon breeding resident found throughout the country (Warakagoda, et al, 2012 ) except in far north. More common in wet-zone and hills. The male has scarlet crown and crest,  female has white spotted black crown and crest(Warakagoda, et al, 2012 ).

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Chestnut-backed Owlet

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Chestnut-backed Owlet (Glaucidium castanotum) is an owl which is endemic to Sri Lanka. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most of the smaller species of owl(Wikipedia 2013).


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Sri Lanka Spurfowl

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Sri Lanka Spurfowl (Galloperdix bicalcarata) is a member of the pheasant family which is endemic to Sri Lanka(Wikipedia 2013). It is uncommon and found throughout the island except the far north,rarer in the dry zone and the hills, Male has red facial skin and chestnut back, female is smaller in size and dull chestnut colour. Both sexes have red beak and legs(Warakagoda et al, 2012 pp.56).

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Bitterns and Night herons

Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis)

The Black Bittern is a bittern of Old World origin, breeding in tropical Asia from Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka east to China, Indonesia, and Australia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.

This is a fairly large species at 58 cm (23 in) in length, being by some margin the largest bittern in the Ixobrychus genus. Compared to related species, it has a longish neck and long yellow bill. The adult is uniformly black above, with yellow neck sides. It is whitish below, heavily streaked with brown. The juvenile is like the adult, but dark brown rather than black.

Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)

The Yellow Bittern is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in much of the Indian Subcontinent, east to Japan and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances. It has been recorded as a vagrant in Alaska and there is a single record from Britain, from Radipole Lake, Dorset on November 23, 1962.

This is a small species at 36 to 38 cm (14 to 15 in) in length, with a short neck and longish bill. The male is uniformly dull yellow above and buff below. The head and neck are chestnut, with a black crown. The female’s crown, neck and breast are streaked brown, and the juvenile is like the female but heavily streaked brown below, and mottled with buff above.

Cinnamon Bittern / Chestnut Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)

The Cinnamon Bittern or Chestnut Bittern is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from Pakistan east to China and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.

This is a small species at 38 cm (15 in) length, though is one of the larger Ixobrychus bitterns. Possessing a short neck and longish bill, the male is uniformly cinnamon above and buff below. The female is similar but her back and crown are brown, and the juvenile is like the female but heavily streaked brown below.

Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

The Black-crowned Night Heron is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia.

Adults are approximately 64 cm (25 in) long and weigh 800 g (28 oz). They have a black crown and back with the remainder of the body white or grey, red eyes, and short yellow legs. They have pale grey wings and white under parts. Two or three long white plumes, erected in greeting and courtship displays, extend from the back of the head. Immature birds have dull grey-brown plumage on their heads, wings, and backs, with numerous pale spots. Their underparts are paler and streaked with brown. The young birds have orange eyes and duller yellowish-green legs.

Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus)

The Malayan Night Heron also known as Malaysian Night Heron is a medium-sized heron. It is distributed in southern and eastern Asia, breeding in India, China, and the Philippines. Malayan Night Heron is a rare winter visitor to Sri Lanka.

The Malayan Night Heron stands about 47 cm tall. The adult is reddish brown with streaked underparts, black underwings, and a black crown. The lores are blue but can vary in colour after moulting.

Information Source: www.wikipedia.com

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Purple Faced Leaf Langur

The Purple faced leaf Langur was previously considered to be in the genus Trachypithecus. Molecular analysis of Karanth et al. (2008) determined that the Purple faced leaf Langur belongs to the genus Semnopithecus and the genus Trachypithecus represents the Southeast Asian Leaf Langurs. Sri Lanka’s Purple faced Leaf Langurs Semnopithecus vetulus are endemic to the island and represented by four subspecies from four different geographical zones:

Southern purple faced leaf langur Semnopithecus vetulus vetulus (Erxleben, 1777)
Montain purple faced leaf langur Semnopithecus vetulus monticola (Kelaart, 1850)
Western purple faced leaf langur Semnopithecus vetulus nestor (Bennett, 1833)
Northern purple faced leaf langur Semnopithecus vetulus philbricki (Phillips, 1927)

Southern purple faced leaf langur

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Montain purple faced leaf langur

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Western purple faced leaf langur

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Northern purple faced leaf langur

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Video footage of Western purple faced leaf langur

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Sri Lankan Barbets

A family of birds comprising the Asian barbets, the Megalaimidae were once united with all other barbets in the Capitonidae  but they have turned out to be distinct. There are 26 species living in wooded areas from Tibet to Indonesia (Wikipedia).

Brown headed Barbet

IMG_4719The Brown-headed Barbet (Megalaima zeylanica) is an Asian barbet. The Brown-headed Barbet is a resident breeder in the Indian Subcontinent, widespread in India and also seen in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is an arboreal species of gardens and wooded country. The bird is largely frugivorous on mangos, ripe jack, papaya, banana, figs and similar cultivated fruit trees. The adult has a streaked brown head, neck and breast, with a yellow eye patch. The rest of the plumage is green. The bill is thick and red. Sexes are similar (Wikipedia).

Yellow fronted Barbet

IMG_6272The Yellow-fronted Barbet (Megalaima flavifrons) is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. Yellow-fronted Barbet is an arboreal species of forests and other woodland, including large gardens, which eats mainly small fruit and only rarely insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-3 eggs. This is a medium-sized barbet at 21 cm. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult Yellow-fronted Barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, with a scaly appearance to the breast. It has a blue face and throat, and a yellow crown and moustachial stripes (Wikipedia).

Coppersmith Barbet

IMG_0609The Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala), is a bird with crimson forehead and throat which is best known for its metronomic call that has been likened to a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer. It is a resident found in the Indian Subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Like other barbets, they chisel out a hole inside a tree to build their nest. They are mainly fruit eating birds (Wikipedia).

Crimson fronted Barbet

IMG_6858Crimson-fronted Barbet or Ceylon Small Barbet (Megalaima rubricapillus) is a barbet endemic to Sri Lanka. The Crimson-fronted Barbet is an arboreal species of open woodland which eats fruit and insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-4 eggs.This is a small barbet at 15 cm. It is a plump bird with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult Crimson-fronted Barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, a blue band down the side of the head and neck, and a black crescent behind the eye (Wikipedia).

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Gerard’s water snake

Gerard’s water snake (Gerarda prevostiana) is a species of water snake found in Asia (Wikipedia). Gerarda prevostiana feed almost exclusively on crabs, which they tear into bite-sized pieces by pulling them through their coils, in contrast to most other snakes which swallow their prey whole (Jayne, B. C., Voris, H. K. & Ng, P. K. L. 2002). This Species is distributed through India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Philippine Islands, Bangladesh, west Malaysia, and Singapore (Wikipedia). According to Somaweera R. (2006) only few specimens have been recorded from Sri Lanka. Special Thanks To Mr. Suraj Gunawardane for finding this.

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